Over the past decades, there has been a pattern of
increasingly higher average temperature across the globe. Continuing our current emissions behaviour, an
increase of 1.5 degrees (C) is reached very soon. An inevitable response of the land ice is
enhanced melting. Consequently, sea levels are rising and The Netherlands lays
below sea level which makes it a vulnerable area for flooding. However, the lack of fresh water and periods
of droughts poses a more serious problem to The Netherlands.
As a consequence of global warming, water scarcity becomes a worrying phenomenon causing major issues to economy, communities and ecosystems they rely on.  Water boards in The Netherlands are nowadays struggling and looking for solutions to manage the fresh water supply during droughts. And we should create awareness among the society for the ‘dry side’ of climate change. How does climate change lead actually to water scarcity and what are detrimental potential consequences?
First of all, it is worth explaining that rising sea levels can cause water shortage. In fact, global warming affects the movement of water into the atmosphere. This leads to severe weather conditions, including powerful rain storms and intense dry periods and heat waves involving huge shortages of precipitation.  In addition, a major problem is salinization of rivers due to salt seawater encroaching up the river as external salinization. The Netherlands is below mean sea level which makes external pressure even higher and increases the salinity even more. In this way both the amount and the quality of fresh water could be prone to dangerous decline.
Bearing in mind the previous point, in what ways is the lack of fresh water harmful for us? Competition for water causes a growing risk for many sectors and services. Predominantly, agriculture and horticulture are highly depending on good water quality. Both vegetation is significantly damaged by salinization and habitats are interrupted by installations of sluices or water facilities. Moreover, quays and dikes dry out and collapse due to dehydration of the material, endangering public safety. Besides this, an impact of a drought can be find in industrial companies who are transporting goods or passengers by water. Locked sluices could limit the passage of bigger naval vessels and therefore distribution of products. Companies need alternatives ways of shipping which involves high costs. Also water recreation will be prohibited in certain areas in order to reduce an exchange of fresh and saltwater. On top of that, dryness in soil cause foundations to crack and sink, leading to the need of expensive repairs. 
In conclusion, we all have should have a better understanding of the consequences of global warming. Even though the sea levels are rising significantly, the lack of fresh water poses major problems to both public health and safety and also industrial and agricultural activities. Periods of droughts become more frequent and more severe and we should be aware of the importance of sustainable water use.
Referring to www.ec.europa.eu/environment/pubs/pdf/factsheets/water_scarcity.pdf , The European Commission provides a list of possible improvements you can make individually. Now, let’s have a look how to save the water supply!
 http://ec.europa.eu/environment/pubs/pdf/factsheets/water_scarcity.pdf, August 2010, page 1 European Commission
 Presentation at Rijnland building: KWA,by René van der Zwan from Hoogheemraadschap Rijnland, 14th of December